The small holes in your skin, aka pores connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make an oily substance called sebum. When the follicle pore gets clogged, oil gets trapped and a pimple or acne occurs. About 8 out of 10 people develop acne.
There are various grades of acne. Every individual may face a different grade of acne at one time.
Grade 1: Whiteheads. These are pimples that stay under the surface of the skin. They appear as white dots on the surface of the skin.
Blackheads. These pimples rise to the skin’s surface and look black. The black color is not from dirt but due to oxidation of the clogged content.
Grade 2: Papules. These are small pink bumps that can be tender.
Grade 3: Pustules. These pimples are red at the bottom and have pus on top.
Grade 4: Nodules. These are large, painful, solid pimples that are deep in the skin.
Cysts. These deep, painful, pus-filled pimples can cause scars.
Acne is the most common skin disease faced by 80 percent of all people between the ages of 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point.
The main cause of acne remains over production of sebum (oil) in the skin. However there can be many other reasons and causes of acne like :
Improper Cleansing of skin
Junk food and improper digestive system
Excessive scrubbing of skin
Acne treatment will entirely depend on the severity of acne. However to treat acne its very critical to control the oil gland activity in the skin using the right products which ingredients such as salicylic acid.
Toning the skin also becomes a very critical part for acne prone skin since it will help control the pore size thus minimizing the chances of acne reoccurrence.
Also, only using products will not help in reducing acne however the individual also needs to make certain lifestyle changes like ensuring proper cleansing, avoiding fried and oily food etc.
Acne marks is a the most common skin concerns seen on the skin of people facing acne concern. These are dark spots that remain on the skin after the acne passes away. The skin darkens mainly due to inflammation caused by the healing process.
When you pop, prick or squeeze a pimple the skin is opened up and then closes back together, you can get abnormal pigmentation, texture, and tone that looks different from the rest of your skin.
Hence its best to keep your hands off the pimples and treat them with the right products
There are various products available in the market which may claim to reduce acne marks.
However make sure you go for products which are non-comedogenic, bleach free. Also look for products which treat acne too along with acne marks to ensure that the new acne don’t leave any marks further.