Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.

  • Apple
  • Android
  • Windows Phone
  • Android

To get the free app, enter mobile phone number.

Kindle Price:    182.52
includes free wireless delivery via Amazon Whispernet

These promotions will be applied to this item:

Some promotions may be combined; others are not eligible to be combined with other offers. For details, please see the Terms & Conditions associated with these promotions.

Deliver to your Kindle or other device

Deliver to your Kindle or other device

The Samkhya System, a History of the Samkhya Philosophy by [Keith, A. Berriedale]
Kindle App Ad

The Samkhya System, a History of the Samkhya Philosophy Kindle Edition

See all 6 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions
New from
Kindle Edition
"Please retry"

Length: 122 pages Word Wise: Enabled Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled
Page Flip: Enabled Language: English

Minimum 60% off on popular eBooks | Kindle monthly deals - September

GiftcardCheck out Kindle Monthly Deals for September here.You can read ebooks on any device.

Product Description

Product Description


IN all the manifold character of the content of the Upanisads it is undoubtedly possible to trace certain leading ideas. The most important of these doctrines is, beyond question, that of the identity of the self, Atman, of the individual with the Brahman, which is the most universal expression for the absolute in which the universe finds its unity. It is probable enough that these two expressions are not intrinsically related, and that they represent two different streams of thought.* The Brahman is the devotion of the Brahman priest: it is the sacred hymn to propitiate the gods: it is also the magic spell of the wonder-worker: more generally it is the holy power in the universe at least as much as it is the magic fluid of primitive savagery. Religion and magic, if different in essence and in origin, nevertheless go often in closest alliance, and their unison in the case of the concept Brahman may explain the ease with which that term came to_denote the essence of the universe or absolute being. The Atman, on the other hand, in the Brahmana texts which lie before the Upanisads, has very often the sense of the trunk of the body, as opposed to the hands and feet and other members, and it is perhaps from that fact at least as much as from the fact that it has also the sense of wind that it develops into the meaning of the essential self of man. The identification of the self and the Brahman results in one form of the doctrine of the Upanisads, that taught under the name of Yajnavalkya in

* See H. Oldenberg, Buddha (5th ed.), pp. 30-33; P. Deussen (Philosophy of the_Upanisads, p. 39) prefers to treat Brahman as the cosmical and Atman as the psychical principle of unity. Max Muller (Six Systems of Indian Philosophy, pp. 68-93) distinguishes Brahman, speech, and Brahman as that which utters or drives forth or manifests or creates.

the Brhaddranyaka Upanisad (ii, 4; iv, 5), in the conclusion that the Atman as the knowing subject is unknowable, and that the world of empiric reality, which seems to be in constant change, is really a mere illusion. This is the highest point reached by the thought of the Upanisads, and it is not consistently or regularly maintained. Despite acceptance of the doctrine of the identity of the individual self and the self of the universe, there often appears to be left over as an irreducible element something which is not the self, but which is essentially involved in the constitution of reality. This is implicit in such statements as that the Atman completely enters into the body, up to the nails even: the all-pervasiveness of the Atman is not incompatible with the existence of something to be pervaded. In order to remove the difficulty which is felt in the existence of this further element, the conception of creation, which was, of course, familiar from the cosmogonic legends of the Brahmanas, was often resorted to. Thus in the Chdndogyo Upanisad (vi, 2) we learn in detail how the self desired to be many and created brilliance, Tejas, whence arose water and food, and then the self entered into these created things with the living self. This scheme, by which a being first produces a cosmic material and then enters into it as life, is a commonplace in the speculations of the Brahmanas, and it lends itself to a very different development than the theory of illusion. While the latter theory insists on the identity of the individual self with the absolute self, both being one essence surpassing all consciousness, the latter system allows a certain reality to matter, and a still more definite reality to the individual soul, which in course of time develops into the doctrine of qualified duality, Visistadvaita, in which there is found a place for the individual soul and matter beside the supreme soul, and which undoubtedly forms the theme of the Brahma Sutra of Badarayana. But while this system can be seen in the Upanisads, it would be an error to suppose that it is more ...

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 519 KB
  • Print Length: 122 pages
  • Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
  • Sold by: Amazon Asia-Pacific Holdings Private Limited (India)
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B007D06LPI
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Word Wise: Enabled
  • Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled
  • Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item
  •  Would you like to tell us about a lower price?

Customer Reviews

There are no customer reviews yet.
5 star
4 star
3 star
2 star
1 star
click to open popover