- Hardcover: 256 pages
- Publisher: Yale University Press (18 August 2015)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0300213557
- ISBN-13: 978-0300213553
- Product Dimensions: 14 x 2.4 x 21 cm
- Average Customer Review: 1 customer review
- Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,82,685 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
Humans Need Not Apply – A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence Hardcover – 18 Aug 2015
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"Glimmers with originality and verve... Others have raised these issues but Mr. Kaplan is unique in devising solutions."-Economist The Economist "New technologies are poised to vastly increase wealth, but for whom? In Humans Need Not Apply, Jerry Kaplan makes a persuasive case that future growth may be driven more by assets than labor, and offers unique policy proposals to promote a more equitable future."-Lawrence H. Summers, former US Secretary of the Treasury and President Emeritus of Harvard University -- Lawrence H. Summers "A crucial book for understanding the great challenge of our times, which is how people can learn to live wisely with ever-greater technical ability."-Jaron Lanier, author of You Are Not A Gadget and Who Owns the Future? -- Jaron Lanier "Artificial intelligence will transform how we live and work. But how we use AI is up to us. We are lucky to have as gifted and experienced a thinker as Jerry Kaplan to guide us as we navigate through this new age."-John Doerr, Partner at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers -- John Doerr "Soon, Jerry Kaplan suggests from his perch at Stanford's AI Lab, 'synthetic intellects' and 'forged laborers' are going to start changing the world in unpredictable ways. How can we make sure the benefits they deliver are broadly distributed? In this candid and informed take on the coming AI revolution-and how we might mitigate its problematic aspects-Jerry will have you thinking long into the night about a future that's just around the corner."-Reid Hoffman, co-founder/chairman of LinkedIn and co-author of the #1 NYT bestseller The Alliance: Managing Talent in the Networked Age -- Reid Hoffman "In a world where the popular perception of Artificial Intelligence is often driven by Hollywood fiction, it's refreshing to read such a realistic and insightful analysis to help inform public discourse about this important technology."-Ron Moore, producer and screenwriter for Star Trek and Battlestar Galactica -- Ron Moore "AI is creating enormous wealth, but there's no economic law that everyone will share in this bounty. As Jerry Kaplan masterfully explains, the great challenge is to harness these new technologies to deliver shared prosperity."-Erik Brynjolfsson, co-author of The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies -- Erik Brynjolfsson "A compelling, prophetic, and timely book from a leading technology thinker, Humans Need Not Apply is a must-read for entrepreneurs, scientists, policymakers, and anyone concerned about the promise and peril of artificially intelligent machines."-Fei-Fei Li, Director, Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab -- Fei-Fei Li "A reminder that AI systems don't need red laser eyes to be dangerous."-John Gilbey, Times Higher Education Supplement -- John Gibley THES 'Kaplan also sidesteps the usual arguments of techno-optimism and dystopia, preferring to go for pragmatic solutions to a shrinking pool of jobs.'-Emma Jacobs, Financial Times. -- Emma Jacobs Financial Times "Well worth reading, especially by anybody who wants to go painlessly from a standing start to a pretty thorough grounding in a debate that's only going to intensify in the years ahead."-James Walton, The Guardian -- James Walton The Guardian "An intriguing, insightful and well-written look at how modern artificial intelligence, powering algorithms and robots, threatens jobs and may increase wealth inequalities, by a Silicon Valley entrepreneur and AI expert."-The Economist, "Books of the Year" The Economist "Kaplan gives a fascinating insight into this world we are moving into... reveals, in an informative and engaging way, the issues we need to be aware of in this fascinating area of technological advancement."-Jonathan Stevens, Legal Practice Management -- Jonathan Stevens Legal Practice Management
About the Author
Jerry Kaplan is currently a fellow at the Center for Legal Informatics at Stanford University and teaches ethics and impact of artificial intelligence in the Computer Science Department.
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Kaplan begins by offering the non scientific reader (me) a clear overview of the AI advances that are poised to make human workers obsolete--offering eye popping examples explaining how the pace of technology is destined to overwhelm the human landscape of life and work.
He then charts the changes that span FAR more than driverless cars. Mechanical robots (or what Kaplan calls "forged intelligences") will be more adept (and. of course, far more cost effective) than humans at performing every routine job from collecting our garbage to stocking our grocery shelves (and make those physical stores quaint relics of the past). "Synthetic intelligences" (machines that think and analyze information) will outwit humans at making complex diagnoses or writing legal briefs--automating out many of the hapless law school or medical students spending decades accumulating those mountainous student debts .
So far readers may be saying " I know all that stuff". Actually, you don't. The real gem of this book is that Kaplan CALCULATES how many people enter the workforce with those mountains of debt and compares their expected salaries. He analyzes the current employment situation for new law school grads and other "knowledge workers". He offers a wealth of data documenting how many jobs are going to be lost... beginning with that prime exemplar (AKA job wrecker), Amazon. I always wanted to know how Amazon evolved, the truth about this behemoth's business model, and how many jobs Amazon has automated out... In this book you will actually get these statistics and much more, as well as learning exactly why those standard government "job growth projection" stats are apt to be totally wrong.
In other words, as you read in these other reviews , this book is all about income inequalities and what we can do to in Kaplan's words to slow the transition to making "America the Land of the Pharaohs" ( You ain't seen nothing yet). In fact the chapter--of this title- describing the lifestyles of Kaplan and his much richer colleagues versus one of his hardworking employees is the best in- the- flesh description of income inequalities I've read.
Kaplan has the huge advantage of personally knowing these billionaire Silicon Valley movers and shakers--in addition to having a birds eye seat on how these technologies evolved. But, most important, he has a gift for bringing it all home through creative analogies and zinger-like sentences that had me rolling on the floor. So if you like Jared Diamond, or even if you don't know who he is, you will LOVE this landmark book.
P.S. I've omitted the fact that Kaplan also suggests answers.. that is, he devises highly innovative policy suggestions to make playing field less steep that come closer to attacking the roots of the problem and go well beyond the current mantras such as increasing access to college or raising the minimum wage......
Overall, it was a great read! I'd recommend it to anyone who is interested in how technology will influence our economy and culture in years to come. You might not come away with a clear idea of viable career options, but you will certainly gain a better understanding of the roles that are in danger of becoming obsolete in the coming decades.